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How Fibre Works


How does your Fibre Connection get from your home to the Internet? Let's find out!

Fibre to the Home Networks are bursting into life all over South Africa and it really is an exciting to be an Internet User and service Provider in our country.

MWEB is partnering with several different 'last mile' Fibre providers to bring Fibre services to our customers and you may find that from provider to provider there are some small differences in how they do things, but this is diagram shows you how a typical Fibre to the Home customer will get connected to the Internet via MWEB's world class data services:


Let's run through this quickly and explain how it works in a bit more detail.


Fibre Cables that have been laid in your neighborhood will run to a street cabinet or similar junction boxes that are regularly spaced around the area.  These street cabinets bring the fibre network as close to your doorstep as possible.  From there fibre Optic cables will be run into each customer's home, either underground or, in some cases with Telkom Fibre, on top of existing overhead telephone cables.

In some installations such as very modern gated villages and secure complexes network distribution has already been built in and local providers are distributing the connection from internal network hubs to wall sockets inside the home.

The Street Cabinets are all connected onto a local distribution network, which get aggregated at the more central distribution nodes.   From there high speed fibre cables will link up to a wider area distribution network running back to a regional neutral data center.  (Neutral data centers are simply places where multiple networks and service providers can have their networks meet up physically to pass traffic from one network to another). There your traffic is handed over from the local fibre provider to MWEB, runs back to an MWEB Data Centre and passes onto our network and the Internet.

One big exception to this model is of course the Telkom Fibre offering.

Telkom are replacing the last segment of copper cabling into customers homes with fibre optics, but the rest of the exchange and the way traffic passes from Telkom to MWEB on IPC links remains exactly the same as we outlined in this ADSL guide.


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